Scientific Name: Malus domestica
The apple Malus domestica originated from Central Asia. Apples belong to the Rosaceae family, which includes numerous flowering plants such as roses. This fruit most likely originated from Kazakhstan, a country located in Central Asia. The former capital city of Kazakhstan, Alma-Ata, means "Apple-Father," and its current name, Almaty, translates to "Full of Apples" in the Kazakh language. The Malus species, Malus sieversii, is the wild ancestor to cultivated apples. Malus sieversii can be found in the forests around Almaty, as well as other parts of southern Kazakhstan. Apple fruits range in taste and flavor. Some varieties are sweet while others have a sour flavor.
Apples contain almost no calories. The calorific value in 100 g of apples is 3% of one's daily value (DV). Apples are a good source of dietary fiber (10% DV). Dietary fiber is important for a healthy gut. A fiber-rich diet is helpful for relieving constipation and removing waste from the body. In addition to this, dietary fiber may play a role in limiting excessive blood sugar, slowing down the absorption of nutrients, and helping to reduce cholesterol in the body.
An apple has some vitamin C, which is also known as ascorbic acid (8% DV). Vitamin C is important for wound healing of the gums and skin because it is involved in the synthesis of collagen. This vitamin also contributes to the immune system by helping white blood cells function more effectively. Most of an apple's vitamins and minerals are derived from the skin of the fruit. Therefore, if you want to consume all the essential nutrients present in apples, you should eat these fruit without peeling the skin.