Scientific Name: Vaccinium
Blueberries (Vaccinium) most likely originated from North America. Wild relatives are found mostly growing in the northern regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. Many varieties of blueberries exist, differentiating by their colors and sizes. Generally, blueberries looks like small dark blue marbles with juicy, acidic pulp. The berries also contain small brown seeds. In the upper part, this fruit has a small crown that differentiates it from the unrelated fruit, black currant.
Blueberries are a good source of vitamins such as vitamin C (16% daily value [DV]), which is an essential element for skin and connective tissue health. In terms of immunity, vitamin C contributes to immune defense by supporting cellular functions of adaptive and innate immune. Blueberries are also a vitamin K-rich fruit (24 % DV), which benefits blood clotting and bone health. Some other vitamins such as vitamin B6 and vitamin E are also found in blueberry (3 % DV). These vitamins are also involved in immune health.
Additionally, blueberries are free from cholesterol and fat, which reduces heart disease. It contains many minerals like manganese (17% DV) and magnesium (2% DV). Like calcium (1% DV), these nutrients are important for bone health. The high amount of fiber (10% DV) in blueberries helps to prevent constipation and maintains a healthy digestive tract.
In short, blueberries are a good source for those who want to add something delicious to their food. Blueberries can be used in smoothies, jams, or salads.