Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis
Orange (Citrus sinensis) is native to the subtropical regions of Asia. The fruit originated from the foothills of the Himalayas, which includes western China, eastern India, and northern Myanmar (formerly Burma). This sweet orange is an ancient cross between mandarin (Citrus reticulata) and pomelo (Citrus maxima), and it accounts for the majority of oranges produced worldwide. Oranges come in different colors, sizes, and textures. Most orange varieties are easy to peel making them an ideal to-go snack. When juiced, they are a refreshing beverage. Oftentimes, they are also chopped and added to salads.
Oranges are a low-calorie fruit, with only 2% of one's daily value (DV). Oranges contain high amounts of vitamin C (89% DV). Vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant, is a vital nutrient involved in the production of collagen. Collagen is important for maintaining skin integrity. Moreover, vitamin C plays a role in the function of white blood cells thereby supporting the body's immune response.
Oranges are also high in dietary fiber (10% DV). Dietary fiber may help lower bad cholesterol and control blood sugar levels. In addition to vitamins, oranges have small amounts of minerals such as calcium (4% DV) and potassium (5% DV). These minerals, when combined together, are necessary for the development and maintenance of healthy bones. Potassium is also known to support healthy muscle and nerve function.