Sweet Leaf Nutrition

Serving Size: 100 g (3.5 oz)

Updated | 2021-08-11

Written and reviewed by the NatureClaim Team




Sweet Leaf


Overview of Sweet Leaf Nutrition

Scientific Name: Sauropus androgynus


Order: Malpighiales


Family: Phyllanthaceae


Sweet leaf (Sauropus androgynus) is also called katuk or star gooseberry. The leaves are commonly used in Southeast Asian cuisine. There have been reports that eating large amounts of uncooked sweet leaf may not safe and cause bronchiolitis obliterans (symptoms include: drowsiness, dry cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing) because this vegetable contains the alkaloid, papaverine [Bunawan et al. 2015]. Andarwulan et al. [2010] and FAO were used to determine the nutritional value of sweet leaf. Lutein and zeaxanthin content were determined from Liu et al. [2007]. Sweet leaves contain antioxidants that may play an important role in protecting cells from free radicals. Vitamin C (308% daily value [DV]) may aide in fighting bacterial and viral infections and support skin health. Riboflavin (23% DV) functions as co-enzymes in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism. Folate (49% DV) has many important biological functions such as supporting the activities of the nervous system. Vitamin A (222% DV) boosts immune function and maintains healthy vision and skin. Lutein and zeaxanthin (28,000 mcg per 100 g of leaves) are carotenoid antioxidants that protect the eyes from damage and degeneration. Sweat leaves are a good source of essential minerals such as magnesium (31% DV). Magnesium promotes calcium absorption, builds new bone cells, and regulates nerve and muscle activities. The leaves are very low in calories (2% DV) and high in fiber (10% DV), and can be a healthy food choice for vegetarians. The regular consumption of sweet leaves will provide many important vitamins and minerals; however, it is not the perfect vegetable. Everything should be consumed in moderation. Consuming a handful of leaves a day is considered a good source of greens and should not cause adverse reactions.



Calories
Name Amount % Daily Value
Calories 35 kcal 2%


Carbohydrates
Name Amount % Daily Value
Total Carbs 3.40 g 1%
Dietary Fiber 2.50 g 10%
Sugars - g
Starch - g


Sterols
Name Amount % Daily Value
Cholesterol 0.00 mg 0%
Phytosterols - mg


Fat and Fatty Acids
Name Amount % Daily Value
Total Fat 0.00 g 0%
Saturated Fat - g -
Monounsaturated Fat - g
Polyunsaturated Fat, total - g
  • 18:2 n-6 (LA), Omega-6
- g
  • 18:3 n-6 (GLA)
- g
  • 18:3 n-3 (ALA), Omega-3
- g
  • 18:4 n-3 (SDA)
- g
  • 20:5 n-3 (EPA)
- g
  • 22:5 n-3 (DPA)
- g
  • 22:6 n-3 (DHA)
- g
Trans Fat - g


Protein and Amino Acids
Name Amount % Daily Value
Protein, total 5.30 g 11%
  • Tryptophan
- g
  • Threonine
- g
  • Isoleucine
- g
  • Leucine
- g
  • Lysine
- g
  • Methionine
- g
  • Cystine
- g
  • Phenylalanine
- g
  • Tyrosine
- g
  • Valine
- g
  • Arginine
- g
  • Histidine
- g
  • Alanine
- g
  • Aspartic Acid
- g
  • Glutamic Acid
- g
  • Glycine
- g
  • Proline
- g
  • Serine
- g


Vitamins
Name Amount % Daily Value
Vitamin C 185.00 mg 308%
Thiamin 0.07 mg 5%
Riboflavin 0.39 mg 23%
Niacin 2.20 mg 11%
Pantothenic Acid - mg -
Vitamin B6 0.20 mg 10%
Folate, total 194.00 mg 49%
  • Folic Acid
0.00 mcg
  • Food Folate (dietary folate equivalent)
194.00 mcg
Choline - mg
Betaine - mg
Vitamin B12 0.00 mcg 0%
Vitamin A, total 11083.33 IU 222%
  • Retinol Acitiviy Equivalent
554.00 mcg
  • Retinol
0.00 mcg
  • Beta-Carotene
6650.00 mcg
  • Alpha-Carotene
- mcg
  • Beta-Cryptoxanthin
- mcg
Lycopene - mcg
Lutein and Zeaxanthin 28000.00 mcg
Vitamin E, total - IU -
  • Alpha-Tocopherol
- mg
  • Beta-Tocopherol
- mg
  • Gamma-Tocopherol
- mg
  • Delta-Tocopherol
- mg
Vitamin D - IU -
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) - mcg -
Biotin - mcg -


Minerals
Name Amount % Daily Value
Calcium 169.00 mg 17%
Iron 2.70 mg 15%
Magnesium 123.00 mg 31%
Phosphorus 65.00 mg 7%
Potassium 457.00 mg 13%
Sodium 25.00 mg 1%
Zinc 0.94 mg 6%
Copper 0.19 mg 10%
Manganese - mg -
Selenium - mcg -
Iodine - mcg -
Chromium - mcg -
Molybdenum - mcg -
Chloride - mg -
Fluoride - mg


Flavonoids
Name Amount
Flavones
  • Apigenin
0.03 mg
  • Luteolin
0.01 mg
Flavonols
  • Kaempferol
138.00 mg
  • Myricetin
0.00 mg
  • Quercetin
4.50 mg


Others
Name Amount
Water 86.40 g
Ash 2.40 g
Alcohol 0.00 g
Caffeine 0.00 mg
Theobromine 0.00 mg
Resveratrol - mg
Phytoalbumin - mg
Chlorogenic Acid - mg

The "-" means insufficient data.

% Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet or refer to the Dietary Reference Intakes for a specific life stage.


Reference(s):

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. FoodData Central, Current Release.

National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets. Accessed from https://ods.od.nih.gov/.