Overview of Fenugreek
Scientific Name: Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fenugreek is an annual herb from Western Asia and South Asia with off-white flowers. Methi is fenugreek in Hindi. The aromatic seeds are often used in Ayurvedic medicine, as well as ground and used as an ingredient in curry or other traditional Hindi foods. Fenugreek seeds are high in B vitamins, iron, copper, and manganese. The vitamins and minerals in fenugreek seeds contribute to strengthening the body's immune system and supplementing the body with nutrients. Fenugreek seeds have anti-diabetic properties. This medicinal plant reduces intestinal glucose absorption, improves insulin sensitivity, and reduces the absorption of fats; thereby reducing the risk of diabetes. Consuming an appropriate dosage of fenugreek seeds per day lowers blood sugar in people with diabetes. Noticeable changes in blood sugar levels may occur after taking fenugreek for several months. Fenugreek seeds help reduce the risk of heart disease and blood pressure. Potassium in fenugreek helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Phosphorus also regulates heart rate, as well as nerve conductivity. The fiber in the seeds, when entering the body will form a viscous gel in the intestines that makes it easier to digest foods. Consumption of fenugreek may regulate cholesterol levels and blood pressure, which can improve heart health. Fenugreek seeds are also a rich source of dietary fiber (98% daily value [DV]), which helps with smooth digestion, relieves constipation ailments, and better regulates blood sugar levels. Because the seeds increase the feeling of satiety, they may help suppress one's appetite. There is very little evidence that taking fenugreek capsules or fenugreek tea while nursing increases breast milk production. Fenugreek seeds have a sweet, maple syrup-like flavor when they are heated. Dried fenugreek leaves, also known as kasuri methi, can be eaten as well. Combining fenugreek with other spices and/or herbs adds additional flavors and/or textures to stocks, soups, stews, and curries.
- Type 2 Diabetes, a combination of fenugreek and sulfonylureas may also be effective [1-7]
- Reduces Dietary Fat Intake/Satiety, consumption of fenugreek dietary fiber or a blend containing fenugreek dietary fiber / guar gum / wheat bran may be effective [8-11]
Conflicting (Unclear):insufficient information
- Coronary Hearth Disease (CHD), a blend containing fenugreek dietary fiber / guar gum / wheat bran may also be effective [12-13]
- Galactogogue [14-15]
- Type 1 Diabetes 
- Antioxidants in Breast Milk 
No Clinical Research:All other conditions.
- Allergic Reactions
- Maple Syrup Urine Odor
- Use caution and monitor your blood sugar levels, if you are taking fenugreek and have diabetes. If you have low blood sugar symptoms, contact a licensed healthcare practitioner.
- Fenugreek may lower blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia).
- Some people are allergic to fenugreek.
Do not take fenugreek during pregnancy because it may cause uterine contractions. Taking fenugreek during pregnancy may cause the newborn infant to have a maple syrup odor. Fenugreek appears to be safe for consumption in food amounts during pregnancy and breast-feeding. There is not enough research on the use of supplements containing fenugreek during pregnancy and breast-feeding, so consult a licensed healthcare practitioner before use or avoid use. Fenugreek is commonly used during breast-feeding, but again there is not enough research about its safety. [18-23]
- Anti-Diabetes Drugs
- Low Molecular Weight Heparins
- Thrombolytic Agents
Fenugreek is not a "drug", so the best doses have not been thoroughly established. Make sure to follow the specific product instructions and take as directed on the label, or consult a licensed healthcare practitioner before use.
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