Botanical Name: Zingiber officinale
The rhizomes (modified stems) of ginger are widely used to season foods and add a unique flavor to drinks. The rhizomes are also widely used in herbal medicine.
- Osteoarthritis/Joint Pain, ginger may also be effective in combination with glucosamine sulfate / methylsulfonylmethane / white willow bark extract / Boswellia serrata extract / turmeric root extract / cayenne / hyaluronic acid; diclofenac; Zingiber cassumunar in a gel; and cinnamon / mastic / sesame oil in an ointment [1-13]
- An extract of ginger / Tinospora cordifolia / Emblica officinalis / Boswellia serrata was also as effective as glucosamine sulfate and celecoxib
- A massage with ginger and orange essential oil was effective in the elderly
- Nausea, ginger may be more effective than 8-MOP and vitamin B6 [14-33]
- Nausea in Pregnant Women, including ginger syrup
- Nausea in Chemotherapy Patients, including ginger with a high protein diet
- Indigestion [34-41]
- Postoperative Nausea (PON), ginger with dexamethasone may also be effective [42-51]
- Painful Menstruation, ginger in one case may be as effective as mefenamic acid and ibuprofen [52-55]
- Anti-Platelet Aggregation in Cardiovascular Health, ginger with nifedipine may be more effective [56-61]
- Colorectal Cancer; interestingly, a light Thai massage with ginger oil was effective [62-65]
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome [66-67]
- Alcohol Hangover Symptoms, a combination of ginger / Citrus tangerine / brown sugar 
- Anesthesia Recovery in Children, lavender and ginger oil 
- Arthritis, ginger with Tinospora cordifolia [70-71]
- Atopic Dermatitis, fresh ginger with Astragalus root / licorice / jujube / ginseng / white Atractylodes rhizome / Chinese Angelica root [72-73]
- Constipation, complex tea mixture containing mainly senna leaf 
- Chronic Tonsillitis, ginger with gypsum / Bupleurum root / Pinellia tuber / Scutellaria root / Platycodon root / Jujube fruit / ginseng root / Glycyrrhiza root 
- Gingivitis, ginger with Acacia chundra / Adhatoda vasica / Mimusops elengi / Piper nigrum / Pongamia pinnata / Quercus infectoria / Syzygium aromaticum / Terminalia chebula 
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), ginger with Mentha longifolia / Cyperus rotundus 
- Lipid Lowering 
- Migraines, ginger with feverfew [79-80]
- Motion Sickness [81-85]
- Muscle Pain from Exercise [86-88]
- Oxidative Stress in Breast Cancer Patients 
- Problem with Swallowing after Stroke, a spray with ginger / clematis root 
- Satiety 
- Septic Shock Patients, ginger with Glycyrrhiza uralensis / Aconitum carmichaelii 
- Stress, a complex mixture containing Pinelliae tuber 
- Type 2 Diabetes [94-95]
- Vertigo, a ginger moxibustion [96-97]
- Asthma 
- Weight Loss, ginger / rhubarb / Astragalus / red sage / turmeric combined with gallic acid [99-100]
No Clinical Research:All other conditions.
- Allergic Reactions
- Gastrointestinal Complaints
- Avoid or contact a licensed healthcare practitioner, if you have and have had gallstones, and are at a risk for hemorrhage.
- Ginger and ginger spice can cause irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), especially in women.
- Zingerone, a compound present in ginger is a slight irritant.
- Avoid ginger at least 2 weeks before surgery.
- Ginger may increase the risk of bleeding.
Ginger appears to be safe for consumption in food amounts during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Minor side effects included allergic reactions, heartburn, and sedation. According to a large study in Europe, the use of ginger during pregnancy did NOT increase the risk of congenital malformations, stillbirth/perinatal death, preterm birth, low birth weight, or low Apgar score (a measure of the physical status of a newborn). Ginger is also widely used during pregnancy, but information about its use during breast-feeding is limited, so consult a licensed healthcare practitioner if you have any questions or concerns. In addition, the maximum doses during pregnancy have NOT been established. [101-111]
Ginger is not a "drug", the best doses have not been thoroughly established. Make sure to follow the specific product instructions and take as directed on the label, or consult a licensed healthcare practitioner before use. Overdose may cause cardiac arrhythmia and central nervous system (CNS) depression. On an empty stomach, 6 grams of ginger may lead to ulcer formation. 
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